Archives for posts with tag: nonviolence

If I were to describe the gospel of Jesus Christ in two words I’d go with ‘enemy love.’ Boiled down into these words are the essential concepts of sin and falleness- we are enemies of God- and yet John 3:16 is also true, God’s disposition toward us is that of love and salvation.

Jesus both teaches and embodies this concept of ‘enemy love.’ His Sermon on the Mount is rich with it, and his death/resurrection from the cross prove God’s heart toward his enemies (mankind).

So this then is the default mode of the Christian faith: enemy love. This should be characterized in Christian ethics and moral behavior. It should be perpetually evident as we live out the Great Commission to the world and as we grow together as the Church.

I offer to you three passages to help demonstrate this idea of ‘enemy love.’ There is a progressing line of reasoning through them. It’s fairly obvious, I hope you’ll see it and that it changes how you view the Christian faith.

Luke 23:33-34 “When they came to the place called the Skull, they crucified him there, along with the criminals—one on his right, the other on his left. Jesus said, ‘Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.'”

Romans 5:8 “But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.”

Colossians 3:13 “Forgive as the Lord forgave you.”

That’s enemy love. That’s what Christians are supposed to embody at all times, to all peoples. Individually and corporately.


What implications does this have for how we treat fellow Christians? Unbelievers? How does this change our attitudes toward killing and self defense?

What is more important in the kingdom of God: Protecting our lives by killing our enemies? Or doing as much as we can as Christ’s ambassadors to love our enemies, in the gospel fashion?

I don’t see enemy love as much as I’d like in the American church. We love the American way much more than Christ’s way of enemy love. But I’m totally on board with changing that, it’s time to flip some tables in the temple.

Tiananmen Square protester facing down a tank.

Tiananmen Square protester facing down a tank.

1) Pacifists ignore justice.

You may have heard this famous Edmund Burke quote “The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.” A misconception of pacifists is they are those good people doing nothing against evil. It is assumed that pacifism = passivism. However, consider two of the big names in pacifism: Martin Luther King Jr. and Gandhi. When they saw injustice they did something about it, only, that something didn’t involve killing their enemies.

At its very core, pacifism is opposed to injustice. Simply because it resists evil nonviolently doesn’t make it passive, in fact, it requires even more hard work by not taking the easy road of violence. Pacifism seeks to redeem the perpetrator while AT THE SAME TIME defending the victim.

2) A pacifist would let a home-invader rape and kill their spouse and children.

You haven’t been a pacifist for long if someone hasn’t used this against you as some sort of trump card for defeating any pacifist argument. If they never have, count yourself blessed. It derives from the same sort of thinking as misconception #1. Many people seem to think pacifists care so much about not-doing-violence they would let their family members suffer before defending them with violence.
It is a false dichotomy: making the choice between only two, equally bad, options. Either kill the intruder or let that person kill your family. Situational problems like this often fall back on false dichotomies because the person using them is trying to force the answer they want to hear from their opponent. It is a cruel and manipulative thing to do, and this particular situation even more so because of its personal nature. Even if you’re not a pacifist, please consider how offensive this situational argument is and stop using it.
The reality is a pacifist would do everything they could to keep their family safe- short of killing the intruder. There is a range of beliefs within pacifism as to when ‘force’ becomes ‘violence.’ The shared guiding principle in any pacifist discussion is enemy-love aimed at redemption. ‘Violence’ is essentially defined as any use of force outside of that love. So is it force to tackle an intruder? Or is that violence? Is it force to Taser them? Or violence?

Join the discussion, become a pacifist!

3) Pacifists are cowards.

Nations are always going to war with their heroes on the front lines, mowing down the bad guys. The only people who stay behind are women, children, the sick and the elderly… right? So why are pacifists never on the front lines!? According to his misconception, they must be cowards.

For starters, a pacifist picks and chooses their battles differently than nations because pacifists don’t necessarily view other nations their enemy. A pacifist doesn’t view the world through means of violence; going to war simply isn’t in the pacifist vocabulary. Diplomacy is our front line, and standing in the path of bullets aimed at innocents is our end game.

A coward fears something, running and hiding instead of facing their fear. Bravery is facing fear, standing against it despite the odds. It is possible for both soldiers and pacifists to be brave or cowards. When a soldier stands and fights, despite the fear of pain and death, they are considered brave. They do so with a gun in their hands. When a pacifist stands and fights, despite the fear of pain and death, they are potentially even braver for they refuse the gun.

Brave soldiers and brave pacifists have quite a bit in common.

4) Pacifism is impractical.

Since a pacifist wouldn’t kill to stop a killer, drop a bomb on terrorist, or plant landmines in a battlefield, they will never overcome their enemies. They’ll get themselves killed and the bad guys will march right in, unopposed. They’ll never succeed at helping anyone because they’ll be killed off too quickly to make any difference.

This comes back to an essential worldview difference held by pacifists. Most folks are rather pragmatic, if it works then it’s justified. Pacifists have a different starting point where the means must reflect the ends. If the end goal is peace and justice, security and prosperity, then the means must reflect that goal. Using violence to end violence is like trying to build a better home by taking a sledge hammer to it.

To a pacifist, violence is the impractical solution! If violence could really establish peace and security, why hasn’t it? It’s the easy way out, the quick fix. Violence patches dams that will burst over again after only a short while. Pacifism, and the enemy-love aimed at redemption at its core, seeks long term solutions despite short term setbacks.

Pacifism is far from impractical, it’s simply outnumbered.

Matthew 28:18-20 (ESV)
"And Jesus came and said to them, 'All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.'"
My pastor (Steve Kopp) preached on this today, spending the bulk of his time reviewing the core values of our church related to the imperatives of the Great Commission: to make disciples, baptize, teach, and obey. I love my church!
As he preached I began to see something in the passage I hadn't caught before. I was struck by the implications of 'make disciples of all nations' and what that would mean in its original political climate and also ours. It seems to me the Kingdom of God doesn't only cross national allegiances, at some level it must usurp them!
For example, my nation may ask me as a citizen to fight its wars against other nations. However, the Great Commission demands that I make disciples of all nations. This is a critical impasse of allegiances. How could I as a Christian, in good conscience, fight a war against those I am command by Christ to make disciples of? And yet this is exactly what a majority of Christians have done since Constantine...

This isn't to say the Church has to create its own military or political reality. By definition it is a political reality, but it is one very different than the world has ever seen! Christians don't... shouldn't... conquer by dominion or violence, but by loving our enemies and sharing the gospel of Jesus Christ! It's so radically different that it's easy to miss for those of us suckered into the world’s way of doing things. When the nations demand we kill for whatever paradigms of justice they've erected to justify violence we must resist! We must resist standing by the truth in love, inviting all nations to the table of Christ! Then we shall be known as peacemakers instead of stooges of the state.
Christians, remove the blinders we've allowed to slip over our gospel! Our political allegiance is first and foremost to the Kingdom of God and the teaching/ways of King Jesus! 

Matthew 20:25-28 (ESV)
"But Jesus called them to him and said, 'You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them.
 It shall not be so among you. But whoever would be great among you must be your servant, and whoever would be first among you must be your slave, even as the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.'"
2 Corinthians 10:3-6 (ESV)
"Though we walk in the flesh, we are not waging war according to the flesh. For the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh but have divine power to destroy strongholds. 
We destroy arguments and every lofty opinion raised against the knowledge of God, and take every thought captive to obey Christ, being ready to punish every disobedience, when your obedience is complete."